What Is The Difference Between VAT & GST?

GST is a value-added tax levied at each stage of production, distribution and consumption. It is commonly contrasted with Value Added Tax (VAT), which is an indirect tax levied on the incremental value added by each stage of production or distribution.

This article aims to explain the major differences between GST & VAT. Read on.

What Is VAT?

When goods and services add value to the supply chain, they are subject to indirect taxation known as value-added tax (VAT). VAT is a consumption-based tax. Before a commodity can be sold to a consumer, it must pass through several production and distribution stages. 

Every time a commodity receives a value addition, the VAT is applied to the resulting product or service. The buyer of the goods or services pays the tax on the end product. 

What Is GST?

In India, a value-added tax known as the Goods and Services Tax (GST) was implemented in July 2017. Similar to the VAT, it is assessed on each value addition made to a good or service over the course of manufacturing and distribution. The GST system imposes a tax on products and services at each point of sale.

Consumers pay the GST, but businesses that provide products and services pay it to the government.

VAT vs GST: The Differences



VAT rates vary by state in India, as well as by goods and services in different categories. 

The GST rate is the same throughout India. 

The state government collects the VAT and it is the regulatory authority that administers the VAT in each state in India.

In the case of GST, each sale is subject to both the state GST and the central GST.

The collected tax stays within the state itself

The tax is subsequently shared between the central and state governments in question. 

Cooperation varies by state when it comes to the movement of goods. 

When it comes to GST, the movement of commodities has no effect because it is uniform across the country. 

Tax collection is the duty of the seller's state. 

The state that consumes goods and services is responsible for tax collection. 

What Are The Advantages Of VAT?

VAT allows states to enjoy certain benefits, such as the following -

What Are The Drawbacks Of VAT?

The drawbacks of VAT are -

What Are The Advantages Of GST?

The newly established GST has several advantages, of which some are mentioned below -

What Are The Disadvantages Of GST?

GST has the following drawbacks -


In India, the goods and services tax (GST) has replaced indirect taxes like value-added tax (VAT), which has resulted in consumers only having to pay taxes on the end product. This is an improvement over the previous regime because it simplifies the tax system and allows for seamless business operations across all sectors of the Indian economy.

Difference Between GST and VAT

Regardless of business turnover, any individual or entity that desires to supply goods or services can seek GST registration voluntarily. 

Prior to the adoption of GST, several indirect taxes on goods and services were in place. GST is based on the idea of 'one nation, one tax.' One of the key difficulties addressed by GST is the elimination of tax on tax, sometimes known as the cascading impact of taxation.

GST, or Goods and Services Tax, is a comprehensive tax based on the addition of value to supply, with final consumption as the point of taxation. 

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