How to Open NPS Account

Have you decided to open an NPS account for planning your retirement funds? 

Read ahead to know NPS in detail and find answers to concerns such as ‘NPS account meaning’ and ‘how to open NPS account’.

What is an NPS Account?

Before you open an account and commit to a retirement fund, it is important to know about it in detail. So if you have been searching for ‘what is NPS account’ or ‘NPS account meaning’, you are in the right place.

NPS stands for National Pension System and it is a voluntary retirement fund available to all Indian citizens, regardless of their mode of employment. It was made available to every citizen on the 1st May, 2009 and is regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). 

Facts About the NPS Account 

Now that we know NPS account meaning, here are some more details - 

Tier-I and Tier-II Accounts Under the NPS

There are two types of accounts under the NPS, the major differences between which are outlined in the table below - 

Tier-I NPS Account

Tier-II NPS Account

The minimum initial contribution to be made is Rs.500

The minimum initial contribution to be made is Rs.1,000

Contributions should be made at least once a year

No such rule

Each contribution should be minimum Rs.500

Each contribution should be minimum Rs.250

The minimum contribution at the end of each financial year should be Rs.1,000

No minimum balance needs to be maintained

How to Open an NPS Account?

There are two ways to open an NPS account - 

Let us take a look at them one by one.

Offline Method

There are Point of Presence - Service Providers (POP-SP) all over the country. For the offline method, you need to visit your nearest POP-SP. Here are the steps you need to follow - 

STEP 1: Locate your nearest POP-SP and procure the PRAN application form from there.

STEP 2: Alternatively, you can download the form from the website and visit once you have it filled.

STEP 3: When you want to open your account, visit with the filled PRAN application form, KYC documents, and all other required documents (if any) and submit it.

STEP 4: You will need to make your first contribution at the time of registration. You can do this by submitting an instruction slip that mentions the details of the payment made towards your PRAN account. 

STEP 5: You will be given a receipt number which you must keep carefully for tracking the status of your application.

STEP 6: You will get your PRAN card at the address that you have provided. 

Online Method

Follow these steps to open an NPS account from the comfort of your home -

STEP 1: Visit the eNPS portal here and click on ‘National Pension System’.

STEP 2: On the pop-up that opens up, choose the ‘Registration’ option.

STEP 3: The ‘Online Subscriber Registration Page’ will open up. By default, the ‘New Registration’ option will be selected, but you can choose to continue with your pending registration or eSign or Authenticate your OTP, etc.

STEP 4: Fill up the form according to your details, and finally click on ‘Generate OTP’. 

STEP 5: The OTP will be sent to your mobile number, and once you validate that, you will receive your PRAN which you can use to log in to your NPS account. You can choose UPI for your initial payment as well. 

After your PRAN has been allotted, there are two options to proceed - 

OPTION-1: eSign

STEP 1: Select the ‘eSign’ option from the ‘eSign / Print & Courier’ page. 

STEP 2: You will receive the OTP for authentication on your mobile number that is registered with Aadhaar. 

STEP 3: Once your Aadhaar is authenticated, your registration form will be successfully eSigned. Once the eSign is successful, you would not need to send the physical copy of the form to the CRA. 

STEP 4: You will have to pay the eSign service charges, applicable taxes, as well as the UIDAI charge.

OPTION-2: Print and Courier

STEP 1: Select the ‘Print & Courier’ option from the ‘eSign / Print & Courier’ page. 

STEP 2: Take a printout of the form and paste your photograph. Do not staple or clip your photograph to the form.

STEP 3: Sign on the block provided for signature. Please do not sign across your photograph.  STEP-4: The form should be sent within 30 days from the date of allotment of PRAN to CRA at the following address or else the PRAN will be ‘frozen’ temporarily - 

Central Recordkeeping Agency (eNPS) 

NSDL e-Governance Infrastructure Limited

1st Floor, Times Tower, Kamala Mills Compound, Senapati Bapat Marg 

Lower Parel, Mumbai - 400 013

Benefits of Opening an NPS Account

There are many benefits of opening an NPS account. 

Some of them are listed here - 

Rules Regarding Withdrawal from your NPS Account

Each and every long term investment plan comes with some set rules and regulations of withdrawal. Here are the rules of withdrawing your funds from the NPS account - 


NPS is a voluntary and versatile way of saving funds for your retirement. You can open your NPS account from most banks, or POP-SPs, or even online. The process is very easy and can be done within minutes.

You can withdraw a percentage of your funds up to 3 times during your tenure, but you cannot take a loan on your NPS account. The money will be useful for you post the age of 60, but you can also exit from the scheme after 5 years of opening the account.

But if you are in need of some urgent funds, you can easily opt for moneyview loans. You can check your eligibility in just 2 minutes by visiting our website or downloading the moneyview app.

How to Open NPS Account - Related FAQs

No, a subscriber can open only one NPS account.

No, you cannot open an NPS account jointly with your spouse or children. It also cannot be operated or opened for a Hindu Undivided Family, it has to be opened in individual capacity.

Tax benefits are not available in case of withdrawal from or investment in the Tier-II NPS account.

If you are registering from a POP-SP, it will take a minimum of 10 working days for your registration to be completed. In case you opt for online registration, the process will be completed within a few minutes.

NPS offers two investmentment choices while opening your account, active and auto. Under auto choice, the choice is made for the subscriber in a pre-defined manner based on the subscriber’s age. In case of active choice, the subscriber can choose by themselves.

Yes, NRIs can also open NPS accounts, but they can only opt for Tier-I accounts. NRIs cannot open Tier-II accounts.


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