Government banks in India

The banking sector in India has been a major contributor to the country's economic growth. It is one of the most critical sectors in the country and plays a vital role in providing financial services to its citizens.

Features of the government banks in India

The Indian banking system consists of public and private sector banks, with government-owned banks being the largest players.

Government banks in India are owned by the government and gain the maximum trust of its citizens.

Salient features of government banks include -

Some popular government banks in India

Below are certain features and contacts of some prominent government banks in India. 

1. Bank of Baroda

One of the top government banks in India, the Bank of Baroda was established on July 20, 1908, by Sir Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III with over 150 million global customers.

With a 63.97% ownership, the Indian government holds most of the company. Its attractive features include the following -

Contact no.- 1800 258 44 55

2. Bank of India

A group of prominent merchants from Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, created the Bank of India on September 7, 1906.

Before being nationalized alongside 13 other banks on July 19, 1969, the Bank of India was privately owned and operated. Some of its admirable characteristics are given below -

Contact No.- 1800 103 1906

3. Central Bank of India

The first commercial bank in India to be entirely owned and run by Indians was the Central Bank of India, which opened its doors in 1911.

The creation of the Central Bank was the culmination of the vision of the bank's founder, Sir Sorabji Pochkhanawala.

In the year 1969, the Central Bank was officially nationalised.

The bank has launched a variety of self-employment programs to encourage young adults with education to find jobs. Some of its highlighting features are as follows -

Contact No.- 1800 202 1911

4. Canara Bank

Shri Ammembal Subba Rao Pai created Canara Bank, which is renowned for its focus on the needs of its customers.

Canara Bank saw extraordinary growth, particularly after being nationalised in 1969.

The bank has developed a reputation for itself not only in commercial banking but also in several corporate social obligations, including advancing national goals, fostering rural development, boosting rural self-employment through many training institutions, and driving the cause of financial inclusion.

The bank has several notable characteristics, including the following -

Contact No.- 1800 425 0018

5. Union Bank of India

One of the nation's top public sector banks is the Union Bank of India. The Government of India owns 83.49 percent of the entire share capital.

The Union Bank was established as a limited corporation on November 11, 1919, with its headquarters in Mumbai, India, and has recently merged with Andhra bank and corporation bank. 

The first significant government bank in India to fully adopt a core banking system is the Union Bank of India.

In honour of its expertise in innovation, banking services, financial inclusion, MSME, and human resource development, the Union Bank has won several accolades. Salient features include -

Contact No.- 1800 208 2244

6. State Bank of India

The State Bank of India is among the most prominent government banks in India of all time.

Following the nationalization of the Imperial Bank of India, the State Bank of India was founded on July 1st, 1955.

Before the Reserve Bank of India was established in 1935, the Imperial Bank of India carried out some central banking duties in addition to its regular commercial banking duties.

Some of its highlighting features in today’s era include the following -

Contact No.- 1800 112 211


Government banks in India also known as Public Service Banks or PSBs, owned and operated by the Indian government and regulated by the RBI are 12 in number. 

Since these banks have an extensive network of branches and ATMs throughout the country, they are highly accessible to the regular Indian. Thus, in recent years, the government has taken multiple initiatives to reform PSBs and enhance their financial health. 

Overall, these banks play a pivotal role in promoting financial inclusion and offering banking services to the unbanked and underbanked populations. 

In spite of these, there is a further requirement for reforms and improvements from the government’s end to ensure long-term sustainability and improved profitability of these government banks in India.

Government banks in India Related FAQs

  • Accepting Deposits: A consumer makes a deposit when they give the bank a sum of money. This is referred to as depositing money. A bank's principal job is to offer these deposit services.
  • Making Advances and Loans: The bank makes time-interest-based loans to individuals. The bank approves each loan amount after carefully considering and protecting its profit.
  • Additionally, the bank offers its clients advances. These are also the main roles that banks play.
  • The bank offers discounted services for overdrafts, cash credit, loans, and bills of exchange.

It's crucial to conduct research before selecting a bank.

  • Start by examining the categories of goods and services provided.
  • If possible, try to locate a bank that provides the services or accounts you require, such as loans, savings accounts, or checking accounts.
  • Next, while creating a new savings, CD, or money market account, think about the interest you can receive on deposits.
  • The convenience and service that a bank provides should also be considered.

Yes, other banks include -

  • Bank of Maharashtra
  • Indian Bank
  • Indian Overseas banks
  • Punjab National bank
  • Punjab & Sind bank
  • UCO bank 

A bank that is owned by the government or that the government owns a majority stake in - more than 51% of the bank - is known as a government bank or the public sector bank.

It might be a government bank owned by the central government or the state government. 

For instance, the State Bank of India, which has a 52% government stake, is India's largest public sector bank.

Your bank balance will be moved into the newly created bank if the current bank has been merged with another bank.

Your digital financial services may experience some network problems up to that point.

You may still use your old items, such as debit and credit cards, although it is advised that you update them because they can have some problems.


Was this information useful?

300 characters allowed (alphanumeric and special characters such as comma, full stop, @, ", &)

Thank you. Your feedback is important to us.


Apply for personal loan

Green Tick Success

Thank you for your interest!

We will reach out to you shortly